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UN 4.3  Unify structure Analyses


Notation for structure analyses covers averaging, ranking, selecting, indexing, and normalizing.


Structural average

The term “average” usually refers to the mean of different values. The section time series analyses described temporal averages (e.g. monthly average of a year). Structural averages (e.g. average sales of several subsidiaries) are covered here. Typical structural averages are average by product, average by country, and average by customer.


Visualize analyses showing structural averages with a “Ø” sign either appended or as a prefix, e.g. “EuropeØ” or “Ø464.” If needed, add an assisting line.



Ranking analyses refer to descending or ascending rankings of structure elements. Words can be ranked in alphabetical order, numbers in numerical order.


If helpful, append an arrow sign to rankings, e.g. “country names↓” or “product sales↑”.


The structure analysis selecting is related to the structure analysis ranking, used, in general, to determine either maximal (fastest, most expensive) elements or the minimal (slowest, cheapest) elements. Top ten, last ten, first quartile, last percentile, etc., are common forms of selecting.


A future version of IBCS may address the visualization of the structural analysis selecting.


Structural indexing

Structural indexing depicts all element values in relation to the value of a chosen reference element (=1 or 100%). Typical reference elements are the mean, the maximum, or a specific element in a given structure, e.g. “Germany = 100%”.


To visualize structural indexing, position a black arrowhead close to the index point. “100%” or “100”, is written next to the arrowhead. If helpful, add an assisting line.


Structural normalizing

Structural normalizing refers to the comparison of several shares of some whole, e.g. shares of export to different countries. Indexing and normalizing are similar analyses, indexing refers to one element (e.g. a selected country), normalizing to the whole of several parts (e.g. country sales in % of Europe sales).


To visualize structural normalizing, add an assisting line representing 100%. Position a black arrowhead at one end of the assisting line. “100%” or “100”, is written next to the arrowhead.




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